As part of the Weiss Summer Research Program, economics and accounting students have an opportunity to serve as summer research assistants in the department.
The summer research program runs for 8 weeks from June 5th through July 28, 2023. Students receive a monetary stipend, a campus dining allowance, and campus housing, and have the opportunity to apply for funds toward professional conference travel. In addition to working closely with a faculty member on a research project, the research fellows also participate in many educational and social events sponsored by the department. For more information, please email Professor Dan Tortorice.
The Application Process
To apply for a position in the 2023 summer research program, please apply online. Be sure to select the Economics and Accounting Summer Research Program application.
An informational session will be held via zoom on Thursday, February 2 at 8 p.m. Zoom - Meeting ID - 681 041 5663. Applications for the summer of 2023 are due no later than February 24, 2023.
A completed application consists of the following steps:
- Submission of general information and a declaration of whether you would like to stay in campus housing.
- You will be asked to identify the faculty member that has agreed to provide a recommendation. A recommendation must come from a faculty member in the economics and accounting department here at Holy Cross.
- Upload a written statement (one to two pages single-spaced typed) stating why this program interests you, a description of your economics or accounting background, your interest in research and your long term goals (e.g., research plans while at Holy Cross, graduate school, professionally, etc.). Note: Your personal statement is the most important part of the application process.
- Upload a copy of your up-to-date transcript obtained from the STAR system. (Unofficial transcripts are fine.)
- Upload a copy of your current resume.
Abstracts of Past Summer Research Projects
2014 Summer Research Projects
Through the advent of digital music platforms and vehicles for the access of media online, the Internet has become a vital instrument for the sale and transmission of artistic content in the 21st century. As broadband Internet access reaches new corners of the globe, digital music services are rapidly increasing in popularity and economic importance.
While increased access to music has had many positive impacts, this trend raises questions regarding the influence that digital consumption may have on live concert attendance, especially within the jazz performance community. Rooted in improvisatory performance practices, jazz is a uniquely organic musical genre that relies heavily on the “live experience.” As such, alternative means of access present a case to study the importance of this experience to audiences at large.
Utilizing data obtained through the National Endowment for the Arts Survey of Public Participation in the Arts, I find that the presence of access to digital music has a negative impact on jazz performance attendance. Additionally, I show that both race and educational attainment play a role in determining attendance of such performances. These results directly reflect both the challenges and opportunities for growth within the musical genre.
Private schools have been thought to provide a better education for their students when compared to their public counterparts. However, do private schools actually add value to students’ education or do they just select the best students? This paper uses the National Education Longitudinal Study of 1988 (NELS:88) to see the impact that private and public schools had on their students math and reading composite standardized test scores while controlling for selection on observables. Average treatment effects (ATET) on the treated are at least twice as large and average treatment effects (ATE) are at least three times as large as ordinary least squares estimates (OLS). These results suggest that perhaps private schools are actually not selecting the best students, but rather selecting average students and adding value to them.
Brazil spent $11.6 billion dollars on the 2014 World Cup, with at least $3.6 billion of that going toward the construction costs of 12 new or refurbished stadiums. We looked at the past five World Cup hosts’ stadiums and their usage four years after to project what may happen to Brazil in the near future. We found stadium costs through news outlets and other sources, as well as attendances from team websites. We then compiled an estimate of how much each stadium was used.
The winners in terms of cost and usage were the United States, France, and Germany. The losers were Japan, South Korea, and South Africa. From the initial numbers, Brazil appears to be among one of the worst cases. Only time will tell if their investment really is a bust. An article pertaining information about this study was published on the popular news source fivethirtyeight.com.
This study examines the prevalence of gun crime, specifically in Chicago and looks to build on previous studies that test the link between sports and crimes. In 2012, the FBI named Chicago the “murder capital” of the United States because of its high level of gun violence. Chicago offers precise, publicly available crime information, allowing us to study its crime at an hourly level. Chicago is unique because it is a metropolitan area with many professional sporting franchises across multiple sports like basketball, football, baseball and hockey.
Using hourly data from various sources in addition to Chicago’s crime data over a 14 year period, we performed time series analysis examining the relationship between various measures of criminal activities, and Bulls game data, controlling for year, month, day, hour, and weather. Specifically, we examined assaults and batteries with a handgun, homicides and these crimes occurring at a private residence. Competing hypotheses predicted that games would increase, diminish or displace crime to later hours in the day. The variables created for game specific data included whether a game was played in a specific hour, the winning records of the Bulls and the opponents, game location, whether the impact changes as the game goes on, what happens in hours after the game, etc.
We found some evidence of a positive relationship between gun crime and Bulls games, though not rising to traditional levels of statistical significance. We also found a stronger and statistically significant positive relationship between Bulls games and residential crime. This result suggests that games may move people off the streets and into their homes, but not lessen the likelihood of crime. By expanding this study to demographic pluralities in neighborhoods of Chicago, we found statistically significant evidence to suggest a positive relationship between gun crime and Bulls game in areas that have a self-identified Hispanic plurality.
Loss of Chance
This research examined aspects of the “loss of chance” doctrine, which permits recovery by successors in death cases in which medical negligence contributed to a reduced survival probability. In particular, detailed research was conducted on the three states (Michigan, New Hampshire and South Dakota) for which a loss of chance rule emerged from the courts, only to be later revoked by legislative action. We primarily used LexisNexis to compile the relevant information, but also used other various online sources.
Updated the tabled information for the States Project Blog at the National Association of Forensic Economics website, which compiles the laws of the 50 states related to four aspects of the practice of forensic economics (e.g., discounting and taking account of taxes and inflation). We checked that the cited material was still “good law” (not subsequently overturned or limited in applicability), using LexisNexis and various other sources. The updated table will be launched sometime in August 2014.
Reduction Method Table
Created a table depicting each state’s reduction method in cases of wrongful death, where awards to the estate or statutory beneficiaries of a decedent are reduced to account for either the personal consumption or personal maintenance of the decedent. Research was conducted through LexisNexis and a set of helpful secondary sources.
Right of Action Table
Created a table depicting the right of action as an estate or statutory beneficiary (or both in a few states) for bringing a wrongful death case in each state. Research was conducted through LexisNexis.
Published Work With Summer Research Assistants
Much of the research accomplished over the summer has led to published articles in academic journals where both the summer research assistant and the professor are listed as co-authors. Below are some of the more recently published articles:
- Ruud Koning, Victor Matheson, Anil Nathan, James Pantano. “The Long-Term Game: An Analysis of the Life Expectancy of National Football League Players.” International Journal of Financial Studies 2 (1): 168-178, 2014
- David Schap, Lauren Guest, and Andrew Kraynak. "Total Offset and Medical Net Discount Rates: 1981-2012." Journal of Forensic Economics 24(2): 191-204, 2013.
- Robert Baumann, Taylor L. Ciavarra, Bryan Engelhardt, and Victor A. Matheson. “Sports Franchises, Stadiums, and City Livability: An Examination of Professional Sports and Crime Rates,” Economic and Labour Relations Review, 23(2): 83-97, 2012.
- Victor Matheson, Debra O’Connor and Joseph H. Herberger, “The Bottom Line: Accounting for Revenues and Expenditures in Intercollegiate Athletics,” International Journal of Sport Finance, Vol. 7(1), 2012.
- Andrew Kraynak and David Schap. “Historical Net Discount Rates: Amended and Reinterpreted.” Journal of Legal Economics, 19(1): 17-36, 2012.
- Katherine Kiel, Victor Matheson and Kevin Golembiewski, “Luck or Skill? An Examination of the Ehrlich - Simon Bet,” Ecological Economics, Vol. 69(7): 1365-1367, 2010.
- Robert Baumann, Victor Matheson and Cara Howe, “Anomalies in Tournament Design: The Madness of March Madness,” Journal of Quantitative Analysis of Sports, Vol. 6: (2): article 4, 2010.
- Melissa Boyle, Debra O’Connor and Stacy Nazarro, “Moral Rights Protection for the Visual Arts,” Journal of Cultural Economics, 34(1): 27-44, 2010.
- Robert Baumann, Victor Matheson and Chihiro Muroi, “Bowling in Hawaii: Examining the Effectiveness of Sports-Based Tourism Strategies,” Journal of Sports Economics, Vol. 10(1): 107-123, 2009.
- David Schap and Conor Carney, "Recoverable Damages for Wrongful Death in the States: A Decennial View," Journal of Business Valuation and Economic Loss Analysis, vol. 3(1), article 2: 1-9, 2008.
- David Schap and Andrew Feeley, “The Collateral Source Rule: Statutory Reform and Special Interests,” Cato Journal, vol. 28(1): 81-95, 2008.