Courses in this field encompass painting, sculpture and architecture of the 14th and 15th centuries in Italy and the 16th to 18th centuries in Europe as a whole. Topics include historical and cultural context, such as the status of the artist and motivation of patronage. The Renaissance of Florence and Rome produced artists such as Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo, Bramante, and Titian. By the 17th century, the realism of Caravaggio and his followers pervaded all of Europe, soon to be followed in the North by Rubens and Rembrandt. The world of the Counter Reformation leads to the era of the Rococo and the French Revolution. Frequently students pursue these kinds of courses "on site" during their Study Abroad experiences.