Virginia Raguin, Professor
of Art History
Lecturer in Art History
TO VISUAL ARTS
THE POWER OF
THE IMAGE IN ART
SAINTS IN OXFORD
This course will examine
the question of images throughout the centuries looking at vivid
examples of image worship, veneration, abhorrence, and destruction
from the birth of Christianity, through the rise of Islam, Protestant
Reformation to the present day and the toppling of statues in Iraq.
MEANING AND SPIRITUALITY
will be structured to include a series of topics addressed by short
papers. At least two required evening meetings will present special
guest lectures and/or panel discussions. For most topics, students
will exchange papers for comments and/or read their papers in class.
We envision a high degree of interaction and exchange of ideas.
Text and Image within the Christian Tradition
,(including Old Testament as well as New).
Passion Sarcophagus, Early Christian liberation images in catacombs.
San Vitale, Anglo-Saxon Poem: Dream
of the Rood
Stories of the Life of Christ: Annunciation in the Merode
Altarpiece, 1425, Nativity in Hugo Van der Goes, Portinari
Altarpiece, 1474-76; and Death in van der Weyden, Deposition
Worcester Art Museum: Select a work of art relating a biblical event.
Find the appropriate text passage in Scripture. Look at the image
- what is the same; what is different? How has the visual structure
constructed meaning - and is it the same as the text?
1. Edward Hicks, The
Peaceable Kingdom (1934.65) oil on canvas, America ca. 1833
(Isaiah 11: 6-9)
2. Benjamin West, Pharaoh
and His Host Lost in the Red Sea (1960.18) 1792 and after
1800, artist was born in Springfield PA painting made in England
3. Washington Allston, Christ
Healing the Sick (1920.91) 1813 America (Matthew 4: 24;
8:1-18; 9; Mark 2, 3 , 7; Luke 4: 38-20)
Supper and Agony in the Garden (1924.24), fresco; Spoleto
Italy ca. 1300 century (Matthew 26: 14-45; Luke 22: 11-46)
5. Barnardo Strozzi, Calling
of Saint Matthew (Italian Baroque)
(Matthew 9: 9-13; Mark 2: 14-17)
with the Virgin and St. John
(1934.26 a,b,c) Oviedo (Asturias) Spain, 13th century.
7. Quentin Massys, The
Rest on the Flight to Egypt (1937.4) Lowlands (Flanders),
oil on panel, ca. 1509-13 (Matthew 2: 13-23)
8. Alonso Cano, Christ
Bearing the Cross (1920.95) Spain, 1635-37. (pupil of Pacheco)
(Matthew 27; Mark 15; Luke: 23; John: 19)
2 Absence of the Image
Space as Spiritual - Architecture: the structure of the Mosque:
Cistercian monastic art of the 12th century
Transfiguration of Christ - Apse
of San Apollinare in Classe
Celtic Art: Tapestry Pages, Interlace, Books
of Kells, Book of Durro
Image Absent in Modern Art: Piet Mondrian; Jackson Pollock, Mark
Memorial etc. See film made by Maya Lin, which included her
Martin Luther King memorial fountain
and Discussion: The Non-figural Arts and Islamic Spirituality
Ibrahim Kalin, Prof. of Islamic Studies, College of the Holy Cross
7 PM, Tuesday, Sept. 30, Rehm Library, Smith Hall.
extent is it possible to understand a material object such as a
non-figural work of art in an immaterial, spiritual sense? One of
the richest of all non-figural visual traditions, the arts of the
Islamic world reflect, express, and reinforce a variety of mystical
and aesthetic beliefs through motifs such as calligraphy and repetitive
geometric patterns. How does one respond to such non-representational
motifs--at the core of Islamic art--in an intelligible medium such
as language? How do such motifs relate ideas of the infinity of
God within visual experience, in terms of color, texture, shape,
and space? How do Islamic non-representational themes work in the
context of a medium such as architecture that unfolds in time?
3 Destruction of the Image
Byzantine Iconoclasts and the meaning of the Icon; the Chuldoff
Psalter image of iconoclasts whitewashing an icon.
Destruction of Catholic Images:
Example of pre-reformation altarpieces, Mattias Grünewald,
Altarpiece 1510 German
Luther 1540s? by Lucas
Cranach also Johann
I and Frederick II the Wise, Electors of Saxony, 1533. Interior
churches in the Low Countries: white walls, absence of imagery
in paintings by Pieter Saenredam, Choir
of Saint Bavo's Church at Haarlem, 1660, Worcester Art Museum,
Iconoclasts; Hans Holbein the Younger Henry
VIII, 1540 and family.
Protestant German Art: Four
Apostles and details
by Albrecht Dürer, The importance of John and Paul as preachers
eclipsing the Roman saints of Peter and Mark. John sanguine, Paul
melancholic, Peter phlegmatic, Marc choleric. See four humors in
animals in Dürer's Adam
and Eve, engraving of 1504, rabbit sanguine, elk melancholic,
ox phlegmatic, cat choleric.
Reformation Cult of Images:
Life of Christ, Saints, Papacy and Miracles
Rubens - Raising
of the Cross 1610 (originally Church of St. Walpurga, Antwerp)
from the Cross 1612-14 Antwerp Cathedral,
Baciccio (Giovani Battista Gaulli), Vision
of Saint Ignatius at La Storta, about 1684-85 Worcester
Ecstasy of Saint Theresa 1647-52 Cappella Cornaro, Santa
Maria della Vittoria, Rome
Throne of Saint Peter 1657-66 San Pietro, Rome
Dead Christ with Angels, 1525-26, Museum of Fine
Entombment, 1602-03 Pinacoteca, Vatican
of St. Matthew - 1599-1600 paintings of the Contarelli Chapel,
San Luigi dei Francesi, Rome ,
of the Age of Enlightenment: Person
freedom and individual tenderness
Embarkation for Cythera, 1717 , Musée du Louvre,
Fragonard, 1771-73 Progress of Love, Confession
The intimate portrait: Thomas Gainsborough, Portrait
of the Artist's Daughters, about 1763-64, Worcester
Veronique Plesch, Associate Professor and Chair of the Department
of Art, Colby College, GRAFFITI and MEMORY
30: 7 PM
Stein 129. Oratory chapel of Saint Sebastian at Arborio, a small
town in Northern Italy about 35 miles west of Milan: detail of saints,
St. Sebastian, and detail of graffiti.
Entartete Kunst (Degenerate Art) Works condemned and linked
to racial impurity and mental instability: Kathe
Kollwitz; Franz Marc; Marc Rothko, Paula Moderson-Becker, Ludwig
Kirchner, Emil Nolde, etc. (exhibition 1993, Los Angels Museum of
Art Degenerate Art: The Fate of the Avant-Garde in Nazi-Germany.
Taliban destruction of monumental rock-cut statues of Buddha in
Afghanistan: Finbarr Barry Flood, "Between Cult and Culture:
Bamiyan, Islamic Iconoclasm, and the Museum, " Art Bulletin
84 (2002): 641-659.
SECTION 4 Images I Love, Fear, Hate
What are contemporary idols - i.e. images that are important to
us? Why are we attracted to an image - a portrait, a religious image,
a painting? How do the printed news, television, Internet, or movies,
impact our lives?
|Coverage of 9/11?
Gulf War? Pornographic controversy over contemporary art?
Final Project:: Student papers
from which a 5-6 minute (?) oral presentation is made in the
last three classes. All students write reactions to the presentation,
ranking presentations according to clarity of ideas and persuasiveness
sensusality and violence
to atrocity: Picasso, Guernica
Photographic essays; documentary photography. Vietnam war; Television
Image Absent: Piet Mondrian; Jackson
Pollock, Marc Rothko, Robert Smithson
Present: Andy Warhol,
Willem DeKooning, Audrey Flack, Judy Chicago, Cindy Sherman